1. Missing or Damaged Shingles
Asphalt shingles are the most popular roofing types in the United States. However, they also have some of the shortest lifespans, typically lasting around 20 years. When checking for damage, look for patches where the shingles may be loose, crooked, or peeled back. If the damage is significant enough, you may see them flapping in the wind and be at risk for further water damage
2. Clogged or Deformed Gutters
Another common culprit of water damage is the gutter. Gutters work in tandem with your roof, collecting and diverting harmful material. If a potent storm strikes, the gutters may become overwhelmed if not periodically checked for debris, chunks of ice, dirt, and other damaging materials. If the gutter needs repair, it will often bend or sink, sometimes allowing the gunk it has collected to fall off the edge.
3. Hail Damage
Hail is some of the most elusive damage a roof can incur. Not only can it dent, crack, and warp the condition of your roof on its own, but it also opens new avenues for water. After the storm has passed, check for cracks and dents in the roof where water may seep through.
4. Attic Mold
One of the best places to check the health of your roof is your attic. Small cracks can build over time, creating a breeding ground for mold and mildew. If you notice either in your attic, replace the attic wood and insulation as soon as possible, which can help prevent a roof cave-in.
5. Damaged or Cracked Flashing
Flashing are the metal joints between sections of the roof and chimney. It helps prevent water leaks by directing the flow of rainwater around the openings. Thankfully, flashing damage is easy to spot. It may sway in the wind like shingles if the damage is significant enough. Typically, the damage can be seen from the ground. If you notice any damage, replace it immediately.
6. Recurrent Ice Dams
After the storms in February 2021, Texas residents are more on the lookout for ice and hail than ever before. Ice dams are chunks of ice that form around the edge of your roof—they look a lot like tiny icicles. If left alone, the water damage can be significant. Check your gutters, attic, and insulation for any hiding ice dams.
Recognizing the signs of roof damage is the first step in maintaining the quality and safety of your roof. A professional inspection every few years and after major weather events can provide peace of mind that your roof is performing as it should. If you encounter any signs that your roof requires maintenance, don’t hesitate to give USA Home Roofing and Exteriors a call, or make an appointment right on our website.